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List of social welfare programs and subsidies in Mexico

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[Leer en español]  Some people who appeared in The Other Side of Immigration claimed that the Mexican population doesn’t have much information about all the social programs that are available to them. So I made a list. Please share this with people you know in Mexico. Note: don’t be too optimistic about these programs or assume that Mexico has a thriving welfare state. These programs are often underfunded, restricted to particular groups, and have application processes that are difficult to navigate. When I surveyed 700 rural Mexican households in 2008, I found that while many people knew about and received funds from Oportunidades, 70 y más, and PROCAMPO, hardly anyone had heard of any other the other programs or knew how to apply for them.

POVERTY REDUCTION PROGRAMS

  • Oportunidades - The Opportunities Program is a direct cash transfer for elementary/secondary school scholarships, health services, and nutrition for infants and pregnant women. Stipends vary according to household circumstances, but when I conducted my survey in 2008, most Oportunidades beneficiaries were receiving about US$45 every two months, plus small scholarships for school-aged children and comparable stipends for senior citizens when applicable.
  • El Programa 3 x 1 Para Migrantes - The 3 for 1 Program for Migrants gives Mexicans who live abroad the opportunity to channel resources to Mexico and fund social projects that directly benefit their communities of origin. For every peso that migrants contribute to a project, Mexico’s federal, state and municipal governments each contribute one peso for a total of three pesos. Hence the name, 3 for 1.
  • Programa 70 y Más Adultos Mayores -The 70 and Over Program serves people aged 70 or older who live in towns with populations of up to 30,000. Recipients receive a stipend of 500 pesos per month (US$36), information about health facilities, and access to services provided by instituations like INAPAM.
  • Atención a Jornaleros Agrícolas -The Attention to Agricultural Workers Program provides support for nutrition, health, infrastructure, education, and information and access to basic services to eligible farm workers and their families.
  • Programa Abasto Rural (Diconsa) -  This program supplies impoverished rural communities of populations between 200 and 2500 people with food and other basic goods.
  • Programa Vivienda Rural (FONHAPO) – This program provides economic support for rural or indigenous families in impoverished communities of 5,000 people or less to build, augment, or improve their home.

RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

  • El Programa Fondo para el Apoyo a Proyectos Productivos en núcleos Agrarios (FAPPA)  - The Fund to Support Productive Projects in Agricultural Zones (FAPPA) is aimed at men and women who live in farming communities, are not landowners, and who intend to start productive projects (small businesses) that create jobs and income for their family and community. Projects can be, for example, livestock, textiles, eco-tourism, rural stores, food production, and a variety of other services.
  • Joven Emprendador Rural - The Enterprising Rural Youth program helps young people in rural-agricultural areas acquire or rent communal land. Beneficiaries receive training and technical assistance so that they may establish sustainable agricultural businesses and improve income and living standards.

AGRICULTURE & LIVESTOCK

  • El Programa de Apoyos Directos al Campo (PROCAMPO)The Program of Direct Support to Farmers (PROCAMPO) was put in place in 1993 as a way to transfer resources to farmers to compensate them for the loss of indirect subsidies, guaranteed prices, and subsidies received by foreign competitors. Subsidies are determined on the basis of the size of the farm.

Other programs that support for agriculture and livestock include:

OFFICES

Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL)
Av. Paseo de la Reforma 116, Col. Juárez,
Del. Cuauhtémoc, C.P. 06600, México, D.F.
Tel. 55-53-28-50-00

http://www.sedesol.gob.mx

Fideicomiso Fondo Nacional de Habitaciones Populares (FONHAPO)
Insurgentes Sur 3483 PB
Col. Villa Olímpica Miguel Hidalgo
Del. Tlalpan, C.P. 14020, México D.F.
Tel. 01 800 366-2384

http://www.fonhapo.gob.mx

Secretaría de la Reforma Agraria (SRA)
Av. H. Escuela Naval Militar # 669,
Col. Presidentes Ejidales
Deleg. Coyoacán. C.P. 04470, México D.F.
Tel. 55-56-24 -00-00

http://www.sra.gob.mx

Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca, y Alimentación (SAGARPA)
Municipio Libre 377, Col. Santa Cruz Atoyac
Delegación Benito Juárez,
C.P. 03310, México, D.F.
Tel: 55-38-71-10-00

http://www.sagarpa.gob.mx/

Liconsa
Ricardo Torres No. 1
Fracc. Lomas de Sotelo
Naucalpan de Juárez
Estado de México C.P 53390
Tel. 52-37-91-00

http://www.liconsa.gob.mx/

Diconsa
Insurgentes Sur 3483
Col. Villa Olímpica Miguel Hidalgo
Del. Tlalpan
C.P. 14020, México D.F.
Tel. 01-800-08-342-66-72

http://www.diconsa.gob.mx/

7 Comments

  1. nicholas says:

    I have a friend in need of psychological help in Mexico, is there any form of a public welfare institution or psychology clinic available that you know of. we are currently in Puerto Escondido oax and finding it very hard to locate any form of help.

  2. Love David says:

    Nice provisions here for students like us, am writting a topic on some social welfare programes and this site has helped me a lot, tnx to Mr. Roy

  3. Donella Sparks says:

    I appreciate your work and thank you for having it here for our use. I am a student of psychology working on finishing my bachelors degree. Then I am going on to graduate school for my Masters of Community Psychology and your work in this article has been most helpful for a paper I am doing comparing social welfare policies of the US with another country. Thanks again.

    • JOHN says:

      I am currently writing a book that I hope to have published soon. In the book I talk about a trip that I made from Texas to Acapulco. There was an American there that kept a home for crippled children. He said that if children were born disabled they were discarded because there was no welfare in Mexico. The year was 1990. Can you tell me if his statement is true?

  4. Maria says:

    Thank you for this helpful list! I’m a graduate student of social work and will use your information for a presentation I have next week in comparing the US with Mexico =)

  5. Janet Sawyer says:

    I’m very grateful to you, Roy, for addressing this everpresent dillemna. I, for one, have many friends in Connecticut that have traveled from mid-Mexico, for a more rewarding life here. And it is hard, everything pivoting on their USA connections. So vulnerable, these people are. The USA needs to revamp it’s response to such dependence.

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